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I. : , , , , .

?y rƒustp ?u~Ž ??Šuu, y?t~?u ~pƒ?u~yu. yxut{p pxtpwy}?ƒŽ, psuƒƒy. V??Šuu ~pƒ?u~yu ƒ??r?wtpuƒ ??Šy} ƒp}?rƒryu}. Py ƒy|Ž~ ~psx{p t?|s? ƒ?p~ ƒy|. tŠur~?u ~pwu~yu ƒ quxtu|Žu} uu~?ƒyƒ |??. ƒ ?tyu|}y, utps?sp}y, r?ƒypu|}y |us{? r?x~y{p {?~|y{ yxxp }u|??s? {?~?|, ?rƒut~ur~?z ~prxyr?z ?u{y. ƒu}|u~yu { |ytuƒr. Nutuwy}z y~uuƒ {? rƒu} r?{s tu|pu ~upxq?yr}y r rq?u x~p{?}. ~u?ƒ?~ƒr?} ?qqy.

II. WY{|?YT~Z Y: YY~ ˆY{|?YT?R PX ?Q~? ~U?T?|WYU|Ž~, 1-2 ~UTU|Y. RQTUUƒƒY }?WU ƒ}U~Žƒ ?Q~} ƒ?ƒ?~YU} Y|Y UY?T?} ?TŒU}P, UY?T ?TŒU}P UWU, U} ƒQTUUƒƒYR~U Y ~U P{YU {YU. ƒ|PQU }UƒP: ~UUU~?ƒY}?ƒŽ ?TY~?UƒRP, ?T~??QPX~P WYX~Ž, {??|YRZ T, ~UPXQ?YR?ƒŽ R X~P{?}. QUX{?U YX}U~U~YU PP{UP UQ~?S? ?ˆUƒƒP, ?ƒƒRYU {?~?| ƒ? ƒ??~ U?TPRPU|UZ, ƒ}U~P ~U?Q?TY}?ƒŽ ƒR?YŽ R {??{YZ ƒ?{ ƒUƒƒYY S?PXT? Q?|ŽŠUS?, U} R Š{?|U ? |?}PU UQ~Z ƒUU?Y . B ƒQTUUƒƒYR~?Z PXU ?R|Uƒ RƒRYU|Ž~?ƒŽ {? RƒU}, ? ƒ?ƒ?QƒRU }ƒ|} ~U?|~?ˆU~~?ƒY, ~Y{U}~?ƒY, ~U~W~?ƒY. TR|UU~Y ?|YPƒ ~Uƒ?Z{?ƒŽ. R?X}?WU~ ƒYˆYT. RP}??ˆU~{P PP{UP ˆY{|?YT?R ?}YUƒ ?ƒUU~~?.

III. : .

C|pr~p up {pz~ yx}u~yr?ƒŽ ~pƒ?u~y. ?r?t t| {?u~~ uu}u~ qrp ~y?w~. O ~pƒ?u~y xpryƒ y ƒp}?rƒryu, ƒ?~, puy, t?ƒ?ƒ?q~?ƒŽ, wu|p~yu { ?ty~?uƒr y|y { {?}p~y}. R??ruƒru~~? }u~uƒ ?~?Šu~yu { qtu}.

X{YU {? Rƒ{?} ?T X~P{P} R~Y}P~Y. TP WU|? UU~?ƒƒ. ~U UU~T ~P ?|Ž R?WP{P. I} WT PXP, ƒ?RUŠU~ƒR?RP~YU ƒR?Y }U~YZ.

V?QQY ~Y T?|S? ~U T|ƒ. RP}??ˆU~{P ?|YPUƒ Yƒ{U~~?ƒŽ

G Δ - , , .

IV. : , .

R tuƒrp ?r| ~urpƒu~yuƒ{yu yx~p{y quƒ?{?z~z ƒ?~, |??z puy, {pyx~?ƒŽ, |p{ƒyr?ƒŽ, ~?~u ƒpy.

C|PR~U U: ?RŠU~~P ?}|U}?ƒŽ, PXTPWY}?ƒŽ, Y??~TY~?ƒŽ. QPXTPWU~YU ? |Q?} ?R?T YX|YRPUƒ ~P ?{WPY. R{|?~~?ƒŽ { Y??~TYXPˆYY R|Uƒ YY~?Z U?Z. SP { SY?RP~Y ƒ? ƒRUƒ~Y{P}Y. S~ƒ { ?RPYP}, ƒ{P QUX ~Y, ~? Qƒ? ƒP, Y ?TY~?UƒRP.

RP}??ˆU~{P ?Q~? ?PWPU Y??~TYUƒ{YU ƒP~?R{Y. XPRYƒY}?ƒŽ |??S? ~Pƒ?U~Y ? T~?S? ƒP}?RƒRY. B }ƒ| ? QTU} ˆU~P|Ž~?U }Uƒ? XP~Y}P XPQ? ? ƒ?QƒRU~~?} XT??RŽU.

V. RU~ƒYYR~Z Y: ƒ TUƒRP S|YR?ƒŽ, Q?X|YR?ƒŽ. A?ƒ U}~?, WYR?~, Q?ƒ ?ƒPRPŽƒ ?T~Y. XPƒU~YRU. N? ƒ U}Y, { {?} ?~Y YR{|Y ?U~Ž ?QYU|Ž~. O|YPƒ ?ƒ|ŠP~YU}. Y{?| SPƒ. TPƒ ƒPPU|Ž~?, ~? Q?ƒ {XP}U~?R, ?RU?{, ?RUPŽ UUT RƒU} {|Pƒƒ?}.

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VI. : , . . . , . . . . . . . , .

VII. Yyx?yt~z y: xp}{~?ƒŽ, ?s??wu~~?ƒŽ, ~uƒ?ƒ?q~?ƒŽ y|y ~uwu|p~yu ƒp~pr|yrpŽ {?~p{. R?up~yu ?yr??|?w~ u, Yyx?yt~u u rr|ƒ r p~~u} r?xpƒu. ƒptp ? ?ty~?uƒrp. Aƒp yƒ?pu}?ƒŽ r {?~p{u. Nuƒ?ƒ?q~?ƒŽ { ƒ?uuwyrp~y, ?|?t~?ƒŽ. Nu}u~yu quwtpŽ tsy. B~u~~yz }y xp{ ? ?ƒ??~~y, yxqp~~} |yŠŽ y~?stp y?{rpuƒ. B~u~~yz }y xp?|~u~ r|uu~y}y y p~pxy}y. Tr|uu~y ?|ypƒ ƒy|?z, ƒ?zyr?ƒŽ.

. , ().

VIII. : , , . . .

P?r| ƒ{|?~~?ƒy { ƒyˆyt, Mƒyu|Ž~?ƒŽ Qup{ˆy sy?rp~y uƒ~? ƒ?wu~p ƒ? ƒu}|u~yu} { r|pƒr?rp~y. pxp~u ys. Rp}??ˆu~{p ~?ƒy ?t~?q?{yz pp{u. St~z y t| ƒ?ˆyp|Ž~?z ptppˆyy. Py ƒ{?z p{ˆu~pˆyy r?x}?w~ ~u?wytp~~u wu|u {ƒˆuƒƒ.

IX. IƒU?YT~Z Y: S|PR~?Z U?Z R|Uƒ QUƒUTU|Ž~Z S?ˆU~YX}, ~U~Pƒ~P WPWTP ?ƒ?~~?S? R~Y}P~Y, YXQYPU|Ž~P R~ŠPU}?ƒŽ. LWYR?ƒŽ, P~PXY?RP~YU ~PPR|U~ ~P Y{PŠU~YU ƒR?UZ Uƒ?~. KPWP }?ˆY?~P|Ž~?ƒŽ ?Q?PYRPUƒ ?ƒƒRYU} S|Q?{Y Yƒ{U~~Y RƒR. IƒU?YT~U U ƒ P~~Y |U. NU R~?ƒ {?STP RP| TSY. TU}?~ƒPYR~?U WU|P~YU YR|UŽ R~Y}P~YU Y|Y WU|P~YU YXQUWPŽ ~P{PXP~YU. R?P~ U TUƒ{Y UP{ˆYZ: ??XYˆYZ Y Y}YPˆYZ. ?QUSY, {?~|Y{ Y .T. PUU~XYY ~P |YTUƒR? R SY?R{P. RP}??ˆU~{P TP|U{P ? ?QŒU{YR~?ƒY.

X. : , , . , , , . , , . . . - . , . , .

XI. K?~?}~z y: Pƒy?pyz ?s? yp ~u ƒuƒru. C|pr~p up ?ƒ?~~p y ux}u~p {?~?}~?ƒŽ { ƒr?u} ~u?ƒutƒru~~?} y yr~?} ?{wu~y.

, , , . , . . . . . , .

XII. : .

P?}uw?~u ? |pqy|Ž~?-ˆy{|?yt~z, {?~?}~?-syuy}~z, ƒ?up~yu |pqy|Ž~?s? ƒ pƒu~?-~ur?yuƒ{y} y ƒu~ƒyyr~}, pƒu~?-~ur?yuƒ{yz ƒ ƒu~ƒyyr~} y .t. U?}y?rp~yu ?qƒ|?r|u~? ~t?su~~}y xp{?~?}u~?ƒ}y.

@|ŽSP}~U ?}Yƒ {P{ ƒ|UTƒRYU ~P|Pƒ?RP~Y U ?T~?S? YP(|PQY|Ž~?-YƒU?YT~Z, Y|UYUƒ{?-~Uƒ?ZYRZ).









26

, " ", . , , , .. , .

ETY~ƒR? R?XPƒ~?Z Y UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY ?QŒƒ~Uƒ ?QY} ?QŒU{?} YXU~Y - UQU~{?} ?T?ƒ{?}, ~?ŠUZ, {??U R|ƒ ?QŒU{P}Y YXU~Y R?XPƒ~?Z ƒY?|?SYY, Uƒ|Y YXPƒ R |P~U TY~P}Y{Y R?XPƒ~?S? PXRYY, Y ?QŒU{P}Y YXU~Y UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY, Uƒ|Y Pƒƒ}PYRPƒ {P{ ?QPYZƒ Y R?ƒYU}Z R ?ˆUƒƒU ˆU|U~PPR|U~~ R?XTUZƒRYZ UTPS?SP. PƒY?|?SY T?Š{?|Ž~Y{P, ƒY?|?SY }|PTŠUS? Š{?|Ž~Y{P, ?T?ƒ{P, ƒY?|?SY ~?ƒY - PXTU| R?XPƒ~?Z ƒY?|?SYY. PƒY?|?SY ?QU~Y, ƒY?|?SY R?ƒYP~Y, ƒY?|?SY YU| - PXTU| UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY. QPXTU|, ?ƒRU~~Z ?Q|U}P} ?QU~Y Y PXRYY, PR~? Y~PT|UWY R?XPƒ~?Z Y UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY

OQŒU{ UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY - U|?RU{.

PUT}U - }UP~YX} Y XP{?~?}U~?ƒY ?ƒR?U~Y ƒ?ˆY?{|Ž~?S? ?P U|?RU{?} R ?QPX?RPU|Ž~?} ?ˆUƒƒU.

HPTPY UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY. OQUZ, S|PR~?Z XPTPUZ R|Uƒ RR|U~YU, YXU~YU Y ?YƒP~YU ƒY?|?SYUƒ{Y ?ƒ?QU~~?ƒUZ Y XP{?~?}U~?ƒUZ Y~U||U{P|Ž~?S? Y |Y~?ƒ~?S? PXRYY U|?RU{P R PX~ ƒ|?RY UQ~?-R?ƒYPU|Ž~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY Y ?QPX?RPU|Ž~?S? ?ˆUƒƒP.

R{P UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z ƒY?|?SYY R{|PU 4 PXTU|P:

I - ƒY?|?SY ?QPX?RPU|Ž~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY (UTY~ƒR? UQ~?Z Y UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY);

II - ƒY?|?SY UQ~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY Y UV ƒQŒU{P - ?QPUS?ƒ (U~Y{, ƒTU~);

III - ƒY?|?SY UTPS?SYUƒ{?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY Y UV ƒQŒU{P (UTPS?SP);

IV - ƒY?|?SY UQ~?-UTPS?SYUƒ{?S? ƒ?T~YUƒRP Y ?QU~Y.









27

WYX~U~~Z Ž Y}UU ?UTU|U~~U PX, ƒRXP~~U ƒ YX}U~U~Y}Y R ?QPXU WYX~Y, ƒYƒU}U ?~?ŠU~YZ. UPX WYX~U~~?S? Y ~P{|PTRPƒ ~P R?XPƒ~U ƒPTYY P{, ? R ~Pƒ?UU RU} ~U{??U R?XPƒ~U ƒPTYY ?Q?X~PPƒ Y}U~~? {P{ PX WYX~U~~?S? Y, ~PY}U, T?Š{?|Ž~Z, }|PTŠYZ Š{?|Ž~Z, ƒPŠYZ Š{?|Ž~Z R?XPƒ.

~P {PWT?Z PXU WYX~U~~?S? Y, ƒ{|PTRPƒ ?UTU|U~~U ƒ?ˆYP|Ž~U ƒYPˆYY PXRYY {P{ ƒR?U?QPX~?U ?~?ŠU~YU UQU~{P Y ?{WPUZ US? ƒ?ˆYP|Ž~?Z TUZƒRYU|Ž~?ƒY. P? BS?ƒ{?}, ƒ?ˆYP|Ž~P ƒYPˆY PXRYY ?UTU|U ˆU|Y{?} Y ?|~?ƒŽ U ?} Y ? Ž, ƒ|UT ? {???} UQU~?{ Y?QUPU ~?RU ƒR?ZƒRP |Y~?ƒY.

R?ˆYP|Ž~P ƒYPˆY PXRYY, R{|PP ƒYƒU} ?~?ŠU~YZ, ?R~Y ƒ?ˆYP|Ž~?S? RXPY}?TUZƒRY, Pƒƒ}PYRPUƒ R {PUƒRU ?ƒ~?R~?S? ƒ|?RY |Y~?ƒ~?S? PXRYY. R?S|Pƒ~? @.B. PU?Rƒ{?}, R?WTU~YU R WYX~Ž UQU~{P {P{ ƒ?ˆYP|Ž~?S? ƒUƒRP UQU ? ~US? ??WTU~Y U PX:

- PTPPˆYY { TUZƒRY} ~?}P} Y ?}P} RXPY}?TUZƒRY, TUU|Ž~?ƒY;

- Y~TYRYTP|YXPˆYY, {P{ T?R|UR?U~Y ?UQ~?ƒY Y~TYRYTP R }P{ƒY}P|Ž~?Z Uƒ?~P|YXPˆYY;

- Y~USPˆYY |Y~?ƒY R ?QUƒRU.

^Y Y PX RƒP {P{ }UP~YX} RXPY}?TUZƒRY U|?RU{P Y ?Q~?ƒY, }UP~YX} US? ƒ?ˆYP|YXPˆYY Y |Y~?ƒ~?S? PXRYY, {???U ?ƒUƒR|Uƒ R ?ˆUƒƒU PXUŠU~Y R?X~Y{PY R ?} RXPY}?TUZƒRYY ?YR?UYZ. LY~?ƒ~?U PXRYYU U|?RU{P ƒ??~?ƒYƒ ƒ ?}Y?RP~YU} US? ƒP}?ƒ?X~P~Y, ?QPXP "'", YX}U~U~YU} ?UQ~?ƒ~?-}?YRPˆY?~~?Z ƒU, ~PPR|U~~?ƒY {P{ ƒYƒU} ?~?ŠU~YZ, PXRYY |Y~?ƒ~?Z ƒ{, }UP~YX}P ƒP}??ˆU~YRP~Y.

BƒU ƒ??~ |Y~?ƒ~?S? PXRYY PP{UYXƒ R~U~~UZ ?YR?UYR?ƒŽ. B |Y~?ƒ~?} |P~U PXRYYU UQU~{P YTU ? ~U?YXR?|Ž~?ƒY, Y}|ŽƒYR~?ƒY ?RUTU~Y { US? ?YXR?|Ž~?ƒY, US|YU}?ƒY. ^P U~TU~ˆY ?R|Uƒ R }U~YY UQU~{P PR|Ž ƒR?Y} ?RUTU~YU}, ƒ?X~PU|Ž~? ƒPRYŽ ˆU|Y, UT~P}UU~~? Yƒ{PŽ ƒUTƒRP Y T?ƒYWU~Y, U?T?|URP UƒRY. P?YXR?|Ž~?ƒŽ Y ƒP}?US|ˆY R|ƒ ƒUW~UR?Z |Y~YUZ Y~U||U{P|Ž~?-|Y~?ƒ~?S? PXRYY UQU~{P.

P?YXR?|Ž~?ƒŽ ?RUTU~Y ?ƒ~?RP~P ~P ?ƒUU~~?} UU?TU ? R~UŠ~UZ US|ˆYY { ƒP}?US|ˆYY. Oƒ?QU~~? ?U|YR? P U~TU~ˆY ?ƒ}PYRPUƒ R ƒP~?R|U~YY ƒP}?{?~?|, {??Z R|Uƒ ?YXR?T~} ? R~UŠ~US? {?~?|.

^Y ?|?WU~Y R?XPƒ~?Z ƒY?|?SYY RƒUSTP Y~Y}Pƒ R? R~Y}P~YU ?~} YU|U}, {?STP ?~ ?SP~YXU {?~?|Ž Y ?ˆU~{ X~P~YZ PYƒ. O R~UŠ~US? { R~U~~U}, ? TUU|Ž~?ƒY, ?SP~YXU}?Z YU|U}, { UV ƒP}??SP~YXPˆYY U~Y{?} - R? Ž |Y~?ƒ~?S? PXRYY Y ƒP}?PXRYY Š{?|Ž~Y{P. QPXRYYU UQU~{P {P{ |Y~?ƒY ?UTU|Uƒ ?}Y?RP~YU} |Y~?ƒ~ ~?R??QPX?RP~YZ:

1 S?T - ˆU~P|Ž~} R ? UY?T R|Uƒ R?X~Y{~?RU~YU PU{~?-XPWU~~ UTƒPR|U~YZ, {??U ?QWTP ?RUTU~YU UQV~{P R?U{Y R?XTUZƒRY} ?{WPUZ ƒUT;

{ 3 S?TP} - ˆU~P|Ž~?U ~?R??QPX?RP~YU - ƒYƒU}P "'" ('-ƒP}). B ? UY?T PXRYY ƒP|{YRPƒ TRU ƒYƒU}: "?" Y "~PT?";

7-8 |U - ƒP~?R|U~YU UQU~{P {P{ Y~TYRYTP;



28

R{P UQ~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY. PƒY?|?SYUƒ{YU {?}?~U~

TUQ~P TUU|Ž~?ƒŽ Y}UU R~UŠ~ ƒ{, ƒ?ƒ? YX ƒ|UTY |U}U~?R

1) UQ~U ƒYPˆYY Y XPTPY - {P{ ~P|YYU }?YRP, ?Q|U}, UV Y~Y PY}Yƒ;

2) UQ~U TUZƒRY, ~PPR|U~~U ~P UŠU~YU ƒ??RUƒRY XPTP;

3) {?~?|Ž - {P{ ƒ??~?ŠU~YU TUZƒRY Y US? UX|ŽPP ƒ XPTP~~}Y ?QPXˆP}Y;

4) ?ˆU~{P - {P{ Y{ƒPˆY {PUƒRP (~? ~U {?|YUƒRP) UX|ŽPP ?QU~Y, {P{ }?YRPˆY ?ƒ|UTUZ UQ~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY, PQ?.

KPWT?} YX {?}?~U~?R ƒ{ ?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY YƒY ƒR?Y ?ƒ?QU~~?ƒY. B ? WU RU} UQ~P TUU|Ž~?ƒŽ PP{UYXUƒ U} WU ƒ?U~YU}, ? Y |Q?Z TS?Z Y~U||U{P|Ž~Z P{, P Y}U~~?: ~P|YYU} }?YRP, |P~P (XP}ƒ|P, ?SP}}), Yƒ?|~U~YU} (UP|YXPˆYUZ) Y {?~?|U}.

B ?QUZ ƒ{U UQ~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY X~PYU|Ž~?U }Uƒ? ?R?TYƒ TUZƒRY} {?~?| (ƒP}?{?~?|) Y ?ˆU~{Y (ƒP}??ˆU~{Y). ^? ?Qƒ|?R|YRPUƒ U}, ? Rƒ{?U TS?U UQ~?U TUZƒRYU ƒP~?RYƒ ?YXR?|Ž~}, US|YU}} ?|Ž{? Y ~P|YYY {?~?|Y?RP~Y Y ?ˆU~YRP~Y R ƒ{U TUU|Ž~?ƒY.

K?~?|Ž UT?|PSPU Y XRU~P:

1) , , ;

2)

3) .

.

.. . . . - . . , , . , , - , .

:

- ( ), , , ;

- , , , , ;

- , : ; ,; , ;

- , .

, , . , :

1) , , ;

2) ;

3) (, , , , , , ..);

4) , ;

5) .

- . , . , , ; , .

, . , .







29

OQU~YU - {?~{U~Z RYT UTPS?SYUƒ{?S? ?ˆUƒƒP, R ?TU {???S? ?T {?R?TƒR?} ƒUˆYP|Ž~? ?TS??R|U~~?S? |YˆP UP|YXƒ ?QUƒRU~~? ?Qƒ|?R|U~~U XPTPY ?QPX?RP~Y |Y~?ƒY R Uƒ~?Z RXPY}?ƒRXY ƒ UU R?ƒYP~YU} Y PXRYYU}.

PPRY|Ž~?U ?~Y}P~YU ƒP}?S? ?ˆUƒƒP ?QU~Y R{|PU ~U?Q?TY}U PP{UYƒY{Y:

1) ?QU~YU UƒŽ ƒUˆYYUƒ{P U|?RUUƒ{P ?}P UUTPY ?QUƒRU~~?S? ?P: ?ƒUTƒR?} ?TYZ Y UT}U?R TP, X{P Y UY, ƒUˆYP|Ž~? ?SP~YX?RP~~?Z UQ~?Z TUU|Ž~?ƒY UUTPUƒ Y ƒRPYRPUƒ ? UTŠUƒRY ?{?|U~YZ;

2) ?QU~YU ~UR?X}?W~? QUX ~P|YY RXPY}?TUZƒRY U~Y{P Y YU|, QUX ~P|YY "RƒU~?Z" P{YR~?ƒY PUS?ƒ, QUX US? ƒ??RUƒRUZ PQ?, ~PXRPU}?Z U~YU}. QUX|ŽP ?QU~Y ?UTU|U~ ~U ?|Ž{? TUU|Ž~?ƒŽ YU|, ~? Y R P{?Z WU ƒUU~Y TUU|Ž~?ƒŽ U~Y{P, ƒP}Y} Y RXPY}??~?ŠU~YU};

3) ?QU~YU - ? ~U }UP~YUƒ{P YQPR{P { WU Y}URŠY}ƒ ƒY?|?SYUƒ{Y} ?ˆUƒƒP}, P {PUƒRU~~?U YX}U~U~YU RƒUS? R~U~~US? }YP, RƒUZ ƒYY{Y Y |Y~?ƒY U~Y{P. PY ƒR?U~YY ?Yƒ?TY {P{ Q UU~?ƒ X~P~YZ YXR~U R?R~Ž, ?US? YXPU}Z }PUYP| ƒP~?RYƒ {P{ Q ƒ?QƒRU~~} T?ƒ?~YU} |Y~?ƒY, UV Y~PT|UWPY} Y U ?{}.

:

1) ( ) ( , );

2) , , .

:

- - ;

- ;

- , , ;

- ;

- - .

, - , , .

, . , , , .

R{p ?ˆuƒƒp ?qu~y xpryƒy ? ?s?, {p{ ~{ˆy r?|~u ?qpu}z r utps?syuƒ{?z ƒypˆyy:

1-pƒƒyr~?u r?ƒyyu y ?ƒr?u~yu u?t~?ƒy}?z yxr~u y~?}pˆyy

2- p{yr~z ƒp}?ƒ?u|Ž~z ?yƒ{, ?q~pwu~yu y yƒ?|Žx?rp~yu y~?}pˆyy

3- ?sp~yxu}z yxr~u ~ppr|u~~z ?yƒ{, ?q~pwu~yu y yƒ?|Žx?rp~yu y~?}pˆyy.

R??ruƒryu ryt uq~?z tuu|Ž~?ƒy ?qpu}?s?:

1-r?ƒyyu s??r x~p~yz y }u~yz (u} ?tpwp~y, t?ƒ|?r~?s? y|y ƒ}ƒ|?r?s? r?ƒyy, ?r?u~y, u~y?r{y y pw~u~y ? s??r} ?qpxˆp} y pry|p})

2-uƒuƒru~~?u ƒp}?~pu~yu (u} rq?p r??ƒ?r y xptp, ?yƒ{p y~?}pˆyy y ?qy y~ˆy?r, ?ƒ}ƒ|yrp~y, r?uƒ{?z tuu|Ž~?ƒy)

3-~ppr|u}p ?x~prpu|Ž~p p{yr~?ƒŽ ?qpu}?s? (u} uŠu~y ?ƒpr|u~~ xptp y ?ˆu~{y ux|Žp?r, ?q y ?Šyq?{, {ƒuy}u~y?rp~y, rq?p y y}u~u~y ?~yz)

R??ruƒryu }u?t ?qu~y:

1-u?tprp~yu (u} ƒ??qu~y, pxŒƒ~u~y, u?t~uƒu~y, ?{pxp)

2-ƒy}|ˆy (u} ?qwtu~y y~uuƒp, |q?ƒrp, tyr|u~y)

3-{?r?tƒr? (u} ?ƒp~?r{y ?q|u} y xptp, ?qƒwtu~y y tyƒ{ƒƒyy, ƒ?r}uƒ~?s? |p~y?rp~y y .t.).









30







31









32

H~P~YU ?ƒ?QU~~?ƒUZ UUTPY ƒ??QU~YZ ?}?SPU U?TPRPU| PRY|Ž~? ?SP~YX?RPŽ ?ˆUƒƒ ?QU~Y. OYPƒŽ ~P ƒY?|?SYUƒ{YU ƒR?ZƒRP U|?RU{P, {?}}~Y{PYR~Z ?ˆUƒƒ Y}UU ƒR? ƒUˆYY{, V {???Z ~U?Q?TY} T| |ŠUS? ƒR?U~Y }PUYP|P PY}Yƒ.

IXRUƒ~?, ? R ?ˆUƒƒU U?TPRP~Y Q?|ŽŠ?U X~PU~YU Y}UU }PƒUƒR? UTPS?SP. XU} |ŠU U?TPRPU|Ž R|PTUU YU}P}Y ?TPY Y~?}PˆYY, U} |ŠU PYUƒ ƒRPYRP {ƒ. IXRUƒ~?, ? ?TY~ Y ? WU {ƒ }?WU QŽ ?YP~ U?TPRPU|}Y, R|PTUY}Y (Y|Y ~U R|PTUY}Y) ƒ??RUƒRY}Y YV}P}Y Y ƒ?ƒ?QP}Y UUTPY X~P~YZ. B ƒP}?} ?QU} RYTU, ƒYPˆY PTY?~?Z UUTPY ƒ??QU~Y }?W~? UTƒPRYŽ R ƒ|UTU} RYTU:

U?TPRPU|Ž ==> ƒ??QU~YU ==> PTY?Y

<== <==

1. , , .

2. " ", .. .

3. .

4. :

- ();

- ();

- (, ).

5. , , . , , .

. :

1. - , ..

2. - . , . , , , , , .. - .

3. - , , .

4. -

8-15 . - . , . - , , (" ").

, , , , , . , , .

(

:

1. QUŽ T?|W~P QŽ ??Š? ?SP~YX?RP~P |?SYUƒ{Y.

2. QUŽ, R {???Z ƒ?TUWYƒ ~U? ~?R?U, |Q?~?U T| PTY?YY, TUWYRPU R~Y}P~YU ƒ|ŠPU|UZ ƒY|Ž~UU, U} UŽ, STU ~?RYX~P ?ƒƒRU.

3. LU{ˆY, R ƒ?TUWP~YU {???Z R{|U~ {?~|Y{~U ƒYPˆYY, P P{WU R {???Z ?TPP P{?R Y|Y YTUZ TP~P R ?YR??ƒPR|U~YY, R X~PYU|Ž~?Z }UU ?TTUWYRPU R~Y}P~YU ƒ|ŠPU|UZ.

4. K?~{U~?U R UY YR|U{PU R~Y}P~YU ƒY|Ž~UU, U} PQƒP{~?U. P??} ƒ ˆU|Ž ?TTUWP~Y R~Y}P~Y WU|PU|Ž~? UUT?RPŽ PQƒP{~U PƒƒWTU~Y ƒ {?~{U~}Y P{P}Y, Y}UP}Y, Y||ƒPˆY}Y.

5. @TY?Y, {P{ PRY|?, P{ˆU~YU ƒR?U R~Y}P~YU ~P U }?}U~P |U{ˆYY, {??U "?TU{YRPU" U?TPRPU|Ž. PY ?}, {?~U~?, T| ?R?U~Y ~PYQ?|UU RPW~ RR?T?R Y|Y }ƒ|UZ Rƒ{YZ PX ƒ|UTU Yƒ{PŽ ~?R, ?YSY~P|Ž~ ?}, YXQUSP ?T~??QPXY.

6. B? RU} U~Y |U{ˆYY U?TPRPU|Ž T?|WU~ ?ƒ?~~? ?TTUWYRPŽ XYU|Ž~Z {?~P{ ƒ PTY?YUZ R ˆU| R?XTUZƒRY ~P ~UV Y ?|U~Y ?QP~?Z Y~?}PˆYY ? ƒ|ŠPU|UZ.

)

O ƒ?ƒUT??U~~?ƒY R~Y}P~Y PTY?YY ƒRYTUU|ŽƒRU YŠY~P R XP|U, ƒ?{?Z~U ?X Y R~Y}PU|Ž~U RX? ƒ|ŠPU|UZ, ƒU}|U~~U ~P U?TPRPU|. OT~P{?, Uƒ|Y ƒ|ŠPU|Y ~PY~P ?R|U{PŽƒ, S|PXP Y U RPWU~YU Y~UUƒP, R PTY?YY ?T~Y}PUƒ |US{YZ Š}, ? T| R?ƒƒP~?R|U~Y PU~~?S? R~Y}P~Y ƒ|UTU YQUS~Ž { ?UTU|U~~} YU}P}. PUUYƒ|Y} ~U{??U YX ~Y.

1. C?|?ƒ?RU YU}. D| P{YRYXPˆYY R~Y}P~Y PTY?YY T?ƒP?~? QRPU ƒY|YŽ S?}{?ƒŽ UY Y|Y ?RƒYŽ ?~ S?|?ƒP. I~?STP }?W~? Yƒ?|ŽX?RPŽ ?QP~Z YU}: ?~YWU~YU S?}{?ƒY R|?Ž T? ŠU?P Y|Y ?~YWU~YU ?~P S?|?ƒP. B ~U{?? ƒ|P }?W~? Yƒ?|ŽX?RPŽ YX}U~U~YU U}P UY, ?ƒ?QU~~? UV XP}UT|U~YU.

2. GUƒ Y TRYWU~Y. ^}?ˆY?~P|Ž~Z Y|Y {PXYZ WUƒ ?}?SPU ƒ?ƒUT??YŽ R~Y}P~YU PTY?YY. PYU} TRYWU~YU |U{?P RUUT, ? ~PPR|U~Y { ƒ|ŠPU|}, {P{ PRY|?, ƒY|YRPU R~Y}P~YU, R ? RU} {P{ TRYWU~YU ~PXPT TPU ?UTU|U~~ PXT{.

3. PPXP. QPƒƒYP~~P Y }U|? RTUWP~~P PXP R ƒUUTY~U |U{ˆYY Pƒ? }?WU ?{PXPŽ "SY~?YXYUU" R|Y~YU ~P PTY?Y, ƒ?ƒUT??YRP UV R~Y}P~YU ~P ~W~?} }UƒU UY. NUUT{? PXP TUZƒRU TPWU ƒY|Ž~UU, U} S?|?ƒ?RU YU}.

4. B??ƒ, {??}Y URPUƒ UŽ, RƒUSTP R~?ƒ ?UTU|U~~ PXT{, ?Q?ƒ R~Y}P~YU PTY?YY, XPƒPR| UV T}PŽ R}UƒU ƒ U?TPRPU|U}.

5. NU?WYTP~~Z UUR }ƒ|Y. KP{ PRY|?, R~Y}P~YU PTY?YY R?ƒƒP~PR|YRPUƒ, Uƒ|Y U?TPRPU|Ž ~U?WYTP~~? URPU ~PP }ƒ|Ž Y, ~U{???U RU} ?S?R?YR ? TS?}, R~?RŽ R?XRPPUƒ { ~UT?S?R?U~~?} P~UU. KƒPY, ?T?Q~Z YU} }?W~? Yƒ?|ŽX?RPŽ Y T| ?S?, ?Q R?XRPYŽƒ { ?} }Uƒ UY, {???U Q|? ƒ|PZ~? ?U~? U?TPRPU|U} ("DP, Ž Q|? ~U XPQ|C").

6. NPS|T~U ƒUTƒRP. I||ƒPˆYY, TYPSP}}, SPY{Y ~U ?|Ž{? ?Q|PTP Y~?}PYR~?Z X~PY}?ƒŽ, ~? Y ?}?SP UU{|YŽ Y|Y R?ƒƒP~?RYŽ R~Y}P~YU PTY?YY, P{ {P{ ƒ}U~P ƒ|?R?S? R?ƒYY ~P XYU|Ž~?U ?QXPU|Ž~? YR|U{PU ~U?YXR?|Ž~?U R~Y}P~YU.







33

QPƒƒ}?Y} ƒP}U ?QYU U{?}U~TPˆYY T| ?TS??R{Y UUR?S? ƒ??QU~Y.

1. WU|Ž |U{ˆYY. O~P }?WU QŽ ƒ|UTUZ:

- ?QWTPP;

- Y~?}PYR~P;

- PXR|U{PU|Ž~P.

KPWTP ˆU|Ž ?-ƒR?U} ?UTU|U ~PPR|U~~?ƒŽ ƒ??QU~Y, ~? R ƒYƒU}U "U?TPRPU|Ž - PTY?Y" PU RƒUS? Yƒ?|ŽXUƒ Y~?}PYR~P UŽ.

2. C|PR~P U}P. O~P ~PYQ?|UU Y~?}PYR~? ~PƒU~P, T?|W~P Y}UŽ PU|Ž~? PXPQ?P~~Z {?~{U~Z |P~.

3. TƒY|U~YU R?XTUZƒRY. M?WU QŽ ƒƒ|{P ~P PX|Y~U ?XR, ~P }~U~YU PR?YU?R, RTPYƒ |TUZ, {~ U~.

K?}U ?S?, }?WU QŽ Yƒ?|ŽX?RP~? ?QPU~YU { Pƒƒ?ˆYPˆY}: P) ?|?WYU|Ž~}, { ?}, ? RXRPU Y~U ?U~Y, ƒUYUƒ{YU UUWYRP~Y; Q) ?YˆPU|Ž~}, ~PY}U, ?{PX ƒTU~P ? Yƒ?|ŽX?RP~Y |U{ˆY?~~?S? }PUYP|P }?W~? Pƒƒ?ˆYY?RPŽ ƒ ?RP|?} ~P {XP}U~U.

4. HP{|U~YU. KP{ WU S?R?Y|?ƒŽ, ~P ?} PU |U{ˆYY T?|W~? QŽ TP~? ?Q?QU~YU ?ƒ~?R~ YTUZ, ?ƒPR|U~P TP|U{? YTP ˆU|Ž, Y, ? R?X}?W~?ƒY, T?|W~P QŽ ƒ?}Y?RP~P T|YU|Ž~P ƒY|Ž~P }?YRPˆY Y|Y ?|?WYU|Ž~P ƒP~?R{P ? ?~?ŠU~Y { }PUYP| ƒ??QU~Y.

IXRUƒ~?, ? XPTPP ƒ?ƒUT??U~Y R~Y}P~Y ƒ|ŠPU|UZ UŠPUƒ UWTU RƒUS? RƒYU|Ž~?Z PƒŽ, ?T~P{? ~U?Q?TY}? TUWPŽ US? ~P ?WU~YY RƒUZ |U{ˆYY. OT~P{? ƒ?ZYR?ƒŽ R~Y}P~Y XPRYƒY ? TP ƒ|UTY P{??R:

1. QUŽ T?|W~P QŽ ??Š? ?SP~YX?RP~P |?SYUƒ{Y.

2. QUŽ, R {???Z ƒ?TUWYƒ ~U? ~?R?U, |Q?~?U T| PTY?YY, TUWYRPU R~Y}P~YU ƒ|ŠPU|UZ ƒY|Ž~UU, U} UŽ, STU ~?RYX~P ?ƒƒRU.

3. LU{ˆY, R ƒ?TUWP~YU {???Z R{|U~ {?~|Y{~U ƒYPˆYY, P P{WU R {???Z ?TPP P{?R Y|Y YTUZ TP~P R ?YR??ƒPR|U~YY, R X~PYU|Ž~?Z }UU ?TTUWYRPU R~Y}P~YU ƒ|ŠPU|UZ.

4. K?~{U~?U R UY YR|U{PU R~Y}P~YU ƒY|Ž~UU, U} PQƒP{~?U. P??} ƒ ˆU|Ž ?TTUWP~Y R~Y}P~Y WU|PU|Ž~? UUT?RPŽ PQƒP{~U PƒƒWTU~Y ƒ {?~{U~}Y P{P}Y, Y}UP}Y, Y||ƒPˆY}Y.

5. @TY?Y, {P{ PRY|?, P{ˆU~YU ƒR?U R~Y}P~YU ~P U }?}U~P |U{ˆYY, {??U "?TU{YRPU" U?TPRPU|Ž. PY ?}, {?~U~?, T| ?R?U~Y ~PYQ?|UU RPW~ RR?T?R Y|Y }ƒ|UZ Rƒ{YZ PX ƒ|UTU Yƒ{PŽ ~?R, ?YSY~P|Ž~ ?}, YXQUSP ?T~??QPXY.

6. B? RU} U~Y |U{ˆYY U?TPRPU|Ž T?|WU~ ?ƒ?~~? ?TTUWYRPŽ XYU|Ž~Z {?~P{ ƒ PTY?YUZ R ˆU| R?XTUZƒRY ~P ~UV Y ?|U~Y ?QP~?Z Y~?}PˆYY ? ƒ|ŠPU|UZ. ~U ƒ|UTU ƒ|YŠ{?} T?|S? XPTUWYRPŽ RXS|T ~P ?T~?} YX ƒ|ŠPU|UZ. ^? }?WU ƒ}YŽ ƒ|ŠPU| Y|Y, ~P?Q??, ?~ }?WU UPSY?RPŽ ƒ|YŠ{?} }?ˆY?~P|Ž~? ~P UŽ. O ƒ?ƒUT??U~~?ƒY R~Y}P~Y PTY?YY ƒRYTUU|ŽƒRU YŠY~P R XP|U, ƒ?{?Z~U ?X Y R~Y}PU|Ž~U RX? ƒ|ŠPU|UZ, ƒU}|U~~U ~P U?TPRPU|.





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